The name of the plastic surgery industry is derived from the Greek word plastikos - to change, shape or give shape.
The main task of the plastic surgery industry is to completely restore or improve the existing body shape and function, thus improving the quality of human life.
There are three sub-sectors
1. Hand surgery
Infections, complete / partial limb amputation, bone fractures, deformations, functional disorders after fractures, hand nerves, nerve nerve damage and functional disorders, congenital hand deformities, benign and malignant formations, tumors, tendon (tendon and flexion), ligaments lesions, connective tissue diseases (Dipitrene disease), nail deformities and lesions, rheumatoid arthritis, cerebral palsy, etc.
2. Reconstructive surgery
Renewal or improvement of body shape or function disorders using: microsurgery technique, tissue plastic techniques (bumps, skin transplantation), bone, tendon, ligament reconstruction, implants.
Such operations may be necessary for people after severe injuries, frostbite, burns, prolonged infections (osteomyelitis, chronic healing wounds, bedsores), oncological diseases, as well as congenital deformities and functional disorders in virtually any part of the body (arms, legs, chest, face, etc.). ). Nerve paralysis of the face, keloids and hypertensive scars.
3. Cosmetic (aesthetic) surgery
Body contouring - abdominoplasty, lower leg correction, waist correction, upper arm correction, face, chin and lower jaw correction using both injections (Botox, collagen), liposuction, and surgery; nose, ear, eyebrows, eyelids; correction of the shape and size of the mammary glands; external genital correction (pubic lip correction); hair transplantation; correction of defects in congenital body shape.
As can be seen from this list, a plastic surgeon as a specialist and plastic surgeon, in collaboration with surgeons, oncologists, thoracic surgeons, traumatologists, urologists, face-jaw surgeons, rheumatologists and doctors of other specialties, can help solve patient problems caused by very different illnesses.
In her education, a plastic surgeon acquires skills in all three sub-sectors. Typically, each plastic surgeon later specialized more in a particular direction, but is able to use all the knowledge of all three sub-sectors to solve a particular patient's problem. For example, a surgeon, when performing a nasal correction, will, if necessary, also improve respiratory function or abdominal (abdominoplasty) abdominal wall muscle strengthening. In turn, the patient with bone fractures, tendon lesions or formations during surgery will take care of the best possible cosmetic effect of the scar, as well as make a correction if necessary.